Health

4 Health studies that broke new ground : Health

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Health research is constantly on the move. These are some of the latest studies that offer new hope.

Researchers from Caltech published a new study in Cell, claiming that stomach bacteria cause this disease. The long-held view is that PD starts in the brain

The American Cancer Society warns that the incidence of CC is rising in people under 50. They also project a 90% incre-ase in cases in the 20-34 age group by 2030

Age-related hearing loss may be due to molecular changes in the brain rather than the ear, says research in the Journal of Neurophysiology

Research in BMC Medi-cine says that eating about 20 g of nuts a day protects you against coronary heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes

India’s Agarwal community is prone to developing a genetic disorder called Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). Around 43 types have been identified-in India, the most common are types 1, 2, 3 and 12. SCA, which begins with tremors and progresses to loss of eye, speech and limb coordination, is more common among the Agarwals of Bengal than those of Haryana or Rajasthan. Jaslok Hospital, Mumbai, recently claimed to have performed the world’s first surgery for tremors on a patient suffering from SCA-12.

An international team of researchers studying over 80,000 adults reported in the British Journal of Sports Medicine that playing badminton or tennis regularly reduces the risk of death by 50 per cent. Swimming and aerobics also proved beneficial, but running and playing football appeared to have little effect

Q I keep hearing about ‘pre-diabetes’. What is it? Am I at risk?

Pre-diabetes is a transitional stage before full-blown diabetes. Patients in this stage are essentially asymptomatic, and while their blood sugar levels are elevated, they are lower than those of diabetics. The condition can be reversed. Risk factors include a family history of diabetes, physical inactivity, and being overweight/ obese.

Q If I am pre-diabetic, does that mean I will develop diabetes?

Not necessarily. There are interventions which can help, including regular exercise, adherence to a balanced diet and weight loss for obese patients. 150 minutes of exercise a week-30 minutes a day, five days a week-can go a long way in preventing diabetes.

The good, the bad and the essential

Smokers are kicking the habit, reports the US’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Pessimism is bad for your heart, reports an 11-year study in BioMed Public Health

Keep a written record of your family’s health history. It can help your doctor to accurately diagnose your risk factors

DOCTOR’S DESKDr S.R. Pattanaik, Consultant Endocrinologist and Diabetologist, Associate Professor, Dept of Endocrinology, M.K.C.G Medical College & Hospital, Berhampur (Odisha), e-mail: drsrpatnaik@gmail.com

Source

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/diabetes-weight-loss-blood-sugar-parkinsons-health-hearing-loss/1/829713.html